Nepal is a combination of ancient history, vibrant cultures and scenic splendor. Located between China and India, Nepal’s main geographical features include snow-capped peaks, lower mountains, hills and lush Terai plains of tropical jungles. Nearly one- third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the world’s 14 highest peaks are in Nepal.
The landlocked country covers an area 147,181 sq. kilometers ranging from 70 meter to the highest point at 8848 meters above sea level.
Nepal’s popularity as a tourist destination has increased greatly over the years. While trekking and mountaineering have long been popular, an entire range of other activities are carried out. With the variety of adventure options, the country is a favorite among adventure lovers.
Location in the Globe : Asia between India in south east west and China in North.
Area : 147,181 sq.km.
Capital City : Kathmandu Population some 1 Million known as city of temples.
Population : 30 Million
Best Activities to do : Trekking in Nepal, Bird watching in Nepal, Short trekking in Nepal, Tours in Nepal, Helicopter tour in Nepal
Language : Nepali is the national Language along with more than 72 Ethnic Languages and Dialects. However Travel and trade people understand and speak English.
Climate : Nepal has four seasons and can be visited all round the year.
Winter December _ February : It is difficult season to make the high passes because of the snow.
Spring March – May : This is great season to visit the country. The weather is little hot in the lowland and normal in the higher mountains. This is the Flowering season and nice to Trek.
Summer June- August : It is rainy season for Nepal and Trek can be little difficult with the flood/ rain and insects. But it is the best season to see the waterfalls/ greenery of the mountains.
Autumn September- November : This is another best season to visit Nepal. The weather is the most appropriate to trek or tour. The mountains are seen beautiful in this season.
Currency : Nepali Rupees.
People & Religion
Here different threads of human life seem to belong in one fabric.
Nepal is the museum of the human races or even said as the anthropological pilgrimage. The population of the country is 30 million with the density of 156.27 per square kilometers as the National Census 2012 A.D. roughly the majority of the peoples are the Indo-Aryans and the remainder is of Mongoloid origin. The peoples in the Himalayan are called Tibeto-Mongoloid by races and Tibeto-Buddhist by religion. They speak Tibetan language and their own dialects. Their life is based on the Trans- Himalayan trade and Cis- Himalayan trade. It was believed that the people called the Sherpas of the North East Nepal were the migrants of the eastern Tibet.
In the midhill region the peoples are living with agriculture. Newars are the main ethnic group of Kathmandu and are mostly associated in business. Magars, Gurungs, Rai and Limbus form the warrior class and are famous throughout the world as Brave Gurkhas. Terai had been poorly inhabited for long time because of the fear of so-called disease Malaria .It was covered with the dense forests for many years and now mass deforestation has made this region better place to live. During the course of time people from mid-hills started migrating to this region as they found the land there rich enough for cultivation. Rapid migration is affecting the density of population.
Nepal is regarded as the only Hindu Kingdom. Officially, large number of the population is believed as the followers of Hinduism. It is believed as the oldest religion and guided by the oral tradition for long time. For Hindus Himalayas has been described in the Epics as the playground of the Gods and Goddesses. There are so many sacred places, temples shrines and monuments for Hindus in all around this Himalayan country.
Though Buddhism was founded some 2600 yrs back by the lord Buddha in the southern part of the present Nepal, Buddhism occupies second place in the country and chiefly dominant in the northern part and in the Kathmandu Valley. Lumbini the birth place of Lord Buddha is now the best and most important pilgrimage for Buddhists. In the southern part there is some number of the Islam. The practices of Animism and Shamanism are another type of practice which is very rare with the modern attack in the society .Now the increasing numbers of the Christianity belief shows its influence upon Nepalese. In fact Hinduism and Buddhism exist side by side along with others and showing the perfect harmony of the religious practices.
The economy of Nepal is chiefly based on agriculture. Most of the peoples are employed in this field. After 1950 Nepal gained its importance as perfect and safe destination for people with the interest in traveling, adventure and other activities of their choice. The snowcapped mountains of Nepal Himalayas have inspired many peoples to come up to to this country for mountaineering expeditions. Thus we can say that the life of the peoples now more depends on tourism industry. With the introduction of the tourism, the production of the garments, crafts, carpets and other things introduced in the market of other continent and the export of those things help to maintain the poor economy. The development expenditure is largely drawn from the funds of Developed countries. It has increased the capacity of GDP and inflation after the arrival of Democracy though the presently disturbed political situation affects its economic condition.
Why to visit Nepal ?
• Nepal is one of the richest countries in terms of its bio-diversity.
• Nepal has the top most Trekking routes on the earth.
• The Highest Mountain on the earth Mt. Everest 8848 m. 29058 ft. with other 7 mountains over 8000 meters.
• Nepal Occupying only 0.1 % of the earth is the home to:
• 2% of all the flowering plants / 4% of mammals on earth / 600 indigenous plant families.
• 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species) (One of the best destinations for bird watching tour)
• 11 of world’s 15 families of butterflies and 319 species of exotic Orchids.
• Nepal the birth Place of the Buddha the founder of Buddhist Philosophy.